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Myopia



WHAT IS MYOPIA (NEARSIGHTEDNESS)?

Myopia or nearsightedness is a vision problem experienced by up to one third of the population.  Nearsighted people have difficulty reading highway signs, chalkboards, television and seeing other objects at a distance.  However, they can see for near tasks such as sewing and reading.  Many times myopia is diagnosed during school screenings.  Myopia normally starts to appear in children between the ages of eight and twelve years old.  Once myopia starts, and as the body grows, the myopia often increases.  It typically stabilizes in adulthood.  Changes in glasses or contact lens prescriptions are necessary during growth periods.

Myopia

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MYOPIA?

The following symptoms of myopia may include:

  • Headaches
  •  Eyestrain
  • Squinting or a feeling of fatigue when driving or playing sports.

WHAT CAUSES MYOPIA?

Myopia occurs when the eyeball is slightly longer than usual, or the cornea or lens are “over-powered”.  This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina rather than directly on its surface.


HOW IS MYOPIA TREATED?

Nearsightedness may be corrected with the following:

  • Glasses
  • Contact lenses
  • Refractive surgery

If you have a severe case of myopia, you may need to need to wear your glasses or contact lenses all the time.  If your case is mild, you may only need to wear your corrective lenses on an intermittent basis.